FDN is an effective therapy to treat muscular tension, spasm and pain, which commonly accompanies conditions such as arthritis, nerve irritation, muscular strain, ligament strains and herniated discs. It is called “Dry” Needling because there is no solution injected as with a hypodermic needle during a flu shot. With dry needling, an acupuncture type neede is used, and the needle itself stimulates and produces the effects within the tissue.
When an injury occurs from repetitive use or acute trauma, inflammation will be produced from the damaged tissues. The damaged tissues will also go into a protective tension state, contracture or spasm to guard against further damage. This contracture and inflammation inhibit microcirculation which limits both the oxygenated blood from reaching the injury and the waste products leaving. The injury site becomes hypoxic (decreased in oxygen) and will produces fibrosis or scar tissue. This fibrosis and scarring builds up around the muscles and tissues limiting the tissues ability to fully function (lengthen/shorten) and can also cause compression and irritation of nerves.
FDN uses a small, solid filament needle which is inserted in a contracted painful knotted muscle to create a local twitch reflex which is both diagnostic and therapeutic as it is the first step in breaking the pain cycle as research shows will decrease muscle contraction, reduce chemical irritation, improve flexibility and decrease pain.
Dr. Vahldick recieved his Functional Dry Needling training through Kinetecore